Economic Outlook
October 2019
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Economic Outlook

October 2019

In the third quarter, political uncertainties, trade tensions, softening global economic data and Fed rate cuts resulted in shifting market leadership, sharp equity selloffs and falling bond yields. This volatility has continued into the fourth quarter, as market participants confront weaker-than-expected U.S. manufacturing data, softer U.S. retail sales and geopolitical challenges. This will be a challenging environment, but we see many opportunities and believe:

Market Review
Equities, convertibles and high yield bonds produced muted to lackluster returns during the quarter due to a mix of political uncertainty, trade policy tensions, and sluggish global economic data, while long-term Treasury bonds rallied. Toward the end of the quarter, the market made a rotation into yield and cheaper stocks and away from higher growth stocks and prior winners.
Global Asset Class Performance
global asset class performance
Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Source: Morningstar. Data shown in USD unless otherwise noted.

U.S. Equities

We are vigilant to the signs of pressure in the U.S. economy, such as manufacturing data, the yield curve, and high levels of corporate leverage. Moderating sentiment in the service sector and employment and retail data warrant close monitoring, but we are balancing our view of the recent slower growth in these areas against the longer-term strength we’ve seen.

In our view, softer conditions more likely imply slowdown than imminent recession. The U.S. economy can continue to grow, supported by benign inflation, accommodative Federal Reserve policy, and a still-healthy consumer. Unemployment is at a 50-year low and leading economic indicators are trending upward (Figure 1). Earnings season has gotten off to an encouraging start, with optimistic expectations for 2020.

a healthy global convertible market

In an environment of low and stable economic growth, the case for investing in growth companies is more compelling. We have identified higher quality businesses, such as those with strong cash flows and healthier balance sheets. We remain highly mindful of valuations and the “crowded trade” in the most popular names. We are also identifying select opportunities that could benefit from a cyclical pickup. Bond proxies and defensive sectors rallied in September on global growth concerns, but we believe they should be approached with care, as many lack sustainable growth characteristics but carry high price tags.

The opportunities we see in the U.S. growth equity market extend across the capitalization spectrum, including small and mid-cap U.S. growth names. Although it may take time for a full recovery from the valuation correction of the third quarter, our team continues to find companies with strong business fundamentals and momentum. Many of these small and mid-sized companies are domestic in their focus, and thus benefit from less direct exposure to the U.S.-China trade impasse.

slow and sustained U.S. expansion

Global and International Strategies

Outside the U.S., economic conditions are weaker but at current market valuations, this may well be a situation of dry powder waiting for a spark (Figure 2). China’s recent GDP growth data rekindled market anxiety, but after several sluggish years, Asia and Europe could be approaching inflection points. Over recent months, we have seen more positive economic surprises and a bounce in composite purchasing manager indexes for China and Japan (Figure 3). Additionally, China is in the midst of highly targeted stimulus programs focused on technology infrastructure and housing. This stimulus and a ramp-up in credit growth (Figure 4) remind us of the conditions that set the stage for China’s 2016 recovery. (See our post, “China’s Stealth Stimulus: Part 2?” for more on this topic.) Improvements in China’s economic conditions would have positive knock-on effects across Asia, followed by Europe. Furthermore, clarity on any of the major unknowns troubling the markets—for example, trade or Brexit—could provide a catalyst for global equity markets.

global valuations
composite purchasing manager indexes
y/y growth of credit in China

In our global and international strategies, our team is focusing on finding great growth businesses at reasonable prices. From a top-down perspective, our portfolios include secular growth names, which we expect to perform well in a low-growth, benign inflation backdrop. However, we are selectively increasing positions in cyclical growth names, reflecting the potential for re-acceleration in China and globally. We are also positioned to capture country- and region-specific growth tailwinds. For example, in Asia, we have invested in companies that are benefiting from China’s 5G buildout.

a healthy global valuations
composite purchasing manager indexes
y/y growth of credit in China

Convertible Strategies

Convertible issuance closely follows economic growth conditions. During the third quarter, convertible issuance soared as growth-oriented companies continued to seek capital in a growing economy (Figure 5). Global issuance for the quarter was $29 billion. U.S. companies led, bringing $21 billion to market.

a healthy global convertible market

In volatile markets, we believe convertible securities provide an attractive way to pursue risk-managed equity participation. Convertible securities have varying levels of equity sensitivity and credit sensitivity; because of these differences, active management is essential. To capitalize fully on the benefits of the asset class, we have emphasized convertibles with well-balanced risk/reward characteristics versus structures that are overly sensitive to either interest rates or equity market downside. We have invested in companies positioned to benefit from long-term thematic tailwinds, which can provide a boost during market turbulence or as economic growth ebbs and flows. Given our economic outlook, we are avoiding areas of the market that are more policy-path dependent or exposed to deteriorating cyclical forces.

a healthy global convertible market

Fixed Income Strategies

Yields have declined significantly since year-end 2018, but the three-month/10-year and the two-year/10-year curve have been nudged out of mid-year inversion territory (Figure 6) in the wake of the Fed’s latest two rate cuts and a slightly better outlook.

flat yield curve

Low interest rates and record high levels of negative yielding sovereign bonds create unprecedented challenges for central bankers. We expect continued volatility in corporate credit and interest rate markets. However, these unusual conditions underscore the importance of experienced risk management and a bond-by-bond approach.

As we have noted in the past, the fixed income asset class is a market of bonds, not a bond market. There are significant differences among bonds, due to issuer fundamentals, maturities and interest rates. For example, while much of the world is caught in a market of negative yielding bonds, U.S. investors can access some of the highest interest rates in the world, even if they have trended lower.

We continue to favor equity-sensitive high yield bonds, as issuer fundamentals maintain a favorable trend, particularly in comparison to investment grade debt. Default rates have ticked up, but are still low. Our positioning favors companies with stable debt servicing capabilities, as well as those that we expect to de-lever balance sheets in a macro environment with fewer tailwinds. We have found select opportunities to invest in distressed credit where we are confident that we are being well compensated for the risks taken.

flat yield curve

Preferred Securities

A number of our strategies include opportunistic positions in preferred securities, a global market of approximately $300 billion. Preferred securities fall below bonds and above stocks in the capital structure. Typically, they are issued by companies with healthy balance sheets seeking to support the bonds in their capital structure. Preferred securities can provide tax-advantaged income with dividends that may be treated as qualified dividend income. Also, when spreads tighten, a preferred security may deliver better total return than the investment-grade debt of the same company, with lower volatility than the common stock. In the preferred universe, we are identifying issues with compelling credit fundamentals, as well as attractive yields.

Alternative Strategies

In the face of equity market volatility and low interest rates, we encourage investors to consider alternative strategies to diversify equity and traditional fixed income allocations. For investors who wish to maintain equity participation with the flexibility for a more defensive stance, our hedged equity and long/short strategies have an array of tools for adjusting market exposure designed to benefit from market volatility.

As an alternative to traditional bond strategies, our market neutral income strategy seeks to derive returns from sources that are less dependent on interest rates. Our team takes a long-term view and focuses on being prepared for a variety of market scenarios. Currently, our positioning includes incrementally more defensive hedges that were established when potential downside protection was less expensive than it is today.

Conclusion

High levels of geopolitical and monetary policy uncertainty will fuel apprehension about the global economy and markets. Trying to trade off of short-term headlines is not a wise strategy. Especially in sideways and volatile markets, investors who try to time the market can end up with the worst of both worlds—catching the downside and missing the upside. Instead, investors should focus on ensuring that their asset allocation reflects their risk tolerance and liquidity needs.

There will be no shortage of noise but we encourage investors to maintain a long-term perspective. The global economy offers many opportunities, and we look forward to pursuing them on behalf our clients.

This material is distributed for informational purposes only. The information contained herein is based on internal research derived from various sources and does not purport to be statements of all material facts relating to the information mentioned and, while not guaranteed as to the accuracy or completeness, has been obtained from sources we believe to be reliable.

Calamos Investment Committee

John P. Calamos, Sr.

John P. Calamos, Sr.

Founder, Chairman and Global Chief Investment Officer
Matt Freund, CFA

Matt Freund, CFA

Co-CIO, Head of Fixed Income Strategies, Senior Co-Portfolio Manager
Michael Grant

Michael Grant

Co-CIO, Sr. Co-Portfolio Manager, Global Long/Short and US Growth Strategies
John Hillenbrand, CPA

John Hillenbrand, CPA

Co-CIO, Head of Multi-Asset Strategies and Co-Head of Convertible Strategies, Senior Co-Portfolio Manager
Nick Niziolek, CFA

Nick Niziolek, CFA

Co-CIO, Head of International and Global Strategies, Senior Co-Portfolio Manager
Eli Pars, CFA

Eli Pars, CFA

Co-CIO, Head of Alternative Strategies and Co-Head of Convertible Strategies, Senior Co-Portfolio Manager
Brandon Nelson, CFA

Brandon Nelson, CFA

Senior Portfolio Manager

Diversification and asset allocation do not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss. Alternative strategies entail added risks and may not be suitable for all investors.

Indexes are unmanaged, not available for direct investment and do not include fees and expenses. The U.S. Dollar Index measures the value of the U.S. dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies, including Euro Area, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Australia, and Sweden. The Russell 3000 Growth Index and Russell 3000 Value Index measure U.S. growth and value equities, respectively. The Russell 2000 Index measures U.S. small cap stock performance. The S&P 500 Index is considered generally representative of the U.S. equity market. The MSCI All Country ex U.S. Index represents the performance of global equities, excluding the U.S. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a measure of the performance of emerging market equities. The ICE BofAML U.S. High Yield Index is an unmanaged index of U.S. high yield debt securities. The ICE BofAML All U.S. Convertible Index (VXA0) is a measure of the U.S. convertible market. The ICE BofAML G300 Index measures the performance of 300 global convertibles. Oil is represented by current pipeline export quality Brent blend. The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is a broad based benchmarks of the U.S. investment grade and global investment grade bond market, respectively. They include Treasury, governmentrelated, corporate and securitized fixed-rate bonds. ICE Data: Source ICE Data Indices, LLC, used with permission. ICE permits use of the ICE BofAML indices and related data on an `as is’ basis, makes no warranties regarding same, does not guarantee the suitability, quality, accuracy, timeliness, and/or completeness of the ICE BofAML Indices or data included in, related to, or derived therefrom, assumes no liability in connection with the use of the foregoing and does not sponsor, endorse or recommend Calamos Advisors LLC or any of its products or services.

Earnings per share (EPS) is a company’s profit divided by its number of outstanding shares. Price-to-earnings ratio (P/E) is a valuation ratio of a company’s current share price compared to its per-share earnings; forward P/ Es are based on forecasted earnings. CAGR, or compounded annual growth rate measures year-over-year growth. Price-to-sales ratio measures a company’s stock price versus its revenues.

Opinions, estimates, forecasts, and statements of financial market trends that are based on current market conditions constitute our judgment and are subject to change without notice. The views and strategies described may not be suitable for all investors. References to specific securities, asset classes and financial markets are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be, and should not be interpreted as, recommendations.

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